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    Cyber Insurance Explained

    The cyber insurance industry is undergoing a massive shift. Rising premiums, changing requirements and a lack of consistency across the industry creates challenges for organizations that need coverage.

    For those organizations, now is the time to get clarity on how cyber insurance will change, and what security controls are needed to stay ahead of those changes. 

    What is Cybersecurity Insurance?

    Cyber liability insurance is a type of insurance that provides protection against risks related to losses involving a company’s digital assets. This could include loss of company data due to ransomware, loss of time or productivity due to an attacker damaging network infrastructure, or loss or breach of customers’ personal identification information (PII) data.


    Why Is Cyber Insurance So Expensive?

    Over the past decade, the cyber insurance market has operated much like the wild west. Many business insurance companies jumped on the cyber insurance bandwagon without knowing the complexities of cybersecurity. Over-eager underwriters wrote policies without fully understanding their risk — or in some cases even understanding cybersecurity at all.

    However, as the pandemic facilitates the rise of cybercrime activity such as ransomware and business email compromise (BEC), many insurance providers are taking on bigger losses than they had initially anticipated.

    • To right the ship, insurers are looking at three main options:
    • Cut bait and leave the industry altogether, accepting their losses
    • Dramatically raise premiums while lowering coverage limits
    • Mandate better cybersecurity standards based on incident and breach data they’ve acquired

    For some, it’s already happening with premiums doubling or tripling and has created confusion and frustration for companies looking to renew or acquire cyber insurance.


    Which Trends Are In The Cyber Insurance Industry?

    There’s no question that the cyber insurance industry will tighten and become more standardized — it’s just a matter of when. Cyber insurance providers that remain in the market have already begun to enforce more stringent cybersecurity requirements; by only providing coverage for companies with certain security controls, providers believe they can mitigate losses.

    As cyber insurers gather more data about why breaches happen, they will use that data to better inform their policies and requirements. In the future, cyber insurance providers will continue to require critical controls that prevent breaches — or they will provide incentives in the form of significant discounts. Security information and event management (SIEM) can significantly reduce the risk of a cyberattack, for example, so insurers may give discounts to organizations that have implemented a SIEM, which can even potentially offset the cost of the SIEM altogether.

    Another valuable advantage of an SIEM is that it can provide detailed information about when an attacker entered systems, what systems they may have touched, and what data they may have accessed or copied. This information can be used in a post-incident response to limit the scope of investigation and remediation actions, which can be a cost-saver to the insurer.

    The lack of regulation in the cyber insurance industry has created issues around clients misrepresenting their infrastructure. Travelers Insurance recently filed a lawsuit claiming that its client that experienced a ransomware attack misrepresented their use of MFA. Issues such as these will likely encourage insurance companies to look more closely at their customers’ tech stack and risk management strategies.

    Just as auto insurers place beacons on customers’ cars to understand their driving habits, cyber insurance providers may enforce requirements by developing a better understanding of their customers’ environments. For example, some insurers have already started to run external scans on their clients’ networks to find vulnerabilities.

    Organizations with a cyber insurance policy, or considering a policy, should get in front of these changing requirements. By implementing these now, they can avoid expensive, low-quality, last-minute implementations when an insurance renewal is due. Usually renewals come on short notice and delivering a quality implementation of new security controls is not possible in those timelines.


    Who Needs Cyber Insurance Coverage?

    Cyber liability insurance typically provides financial resources for digital forensics experts, legal experts, and other specialized resources that can help identify how the attack occurred, what the extent of the cyber event was, and what legal obligations arise from the incident.

    A company would want cyber insurance coverage to protect against the financial costs of an incident that impacts their digital assets. The costs of a cyber incident can be very high. According to Palo Alto, the average ransomware payment was $925,162 in the first five months of 2022, which was 71% higher than last year’s average.

    The cost of a security breach can be even higher, which includes legal fees, penalties, business interruption, and other costs to remediate or minimize the impact to customers. The average cost of a breach in 2021 was $4.24 million, according to IBM’s report — the highest average total throughout the report’s 17-year history.

    The financial impact of a ransomware attack or breach is even more devastating for small businesses and midsize businesses (SMBs) that often don’t have the budget or resources to successfully recover from an incident. Over 40% of cyberattacks target SMBs; but 75% of SMBs report that they don’t have the personnel to address IT security.


    Why Would a Managed Service Provider (MSP) Need Cyber Insurance?

    An MSP would want cyber liability coverage to protect their own business from cyberattacks. However, an MSP’s insurance needs to go beyond cyber liability insurance. An MSP’s actions could potentially create a situation where one of their customers experiences a cyber incident, which may not be covered under an MSP’s cyber liability insurance. Or a threat actor could use an MSP’s remote management and monitoring (RMM) software to run a ransomware attack against their clients. An MSP should consider the benefits of Tech Errors & Omissions insurance, which would provide protection against mistakes that may result in a loss to a customer. 

    An MSP should also encourage their customers to obtain cyber liability insurance. Some MSPs have been shifting to a model where they would only offer support contracts to customers with cyber liability insurance. The MSP benefits from insured customers, because the customer is more likely to adopt a proactive approach to cybersecurity controls, and the MSP may have fewer unexpected critical support incidents to handle. 

    Insured customers would also have access to better specialized IT resources in the event of an incident, which can prevent the MSP from being overworked — especially in the event of a widespread incident that may impact multiple customers in a short period of time. Cyber insurance may also provide reimbursement to an MSP for emergency or after-hours labor required to recover from an incident.


    Does Cyber Insurance Cover Ransomware?

    Most cyber insurance policies cover ransomware incidents. However, some providers require their customers to fill out separate applications with more stringent requirements to acquire more coverage that would cover ransomware. Policies will also typically specify coverage for double extortion ransom, or when a hacker exfiltrates a victim’s data in addition to encrypting it and threatens to leak that data unless a ransom is paid. For these reasons, it’s crucial that organizations discuss their specific coverage and determine any exclusions with their provider.

    Insurance policies may have a limit based on the total ransomware coverage. So, for example, if a total ransomware coverage limit is $1 million and the ransom is $1 million, then an insurance provider will not pay anything except for the initial ransom payment.

    It’s important to consider that the total cost of a ransomware incident often stretches beyond the cost of the initial ransom; it can include legal fees, forensic experts, potential penalties and fines, remediation costs, damage to a company’s reputation, and more.

    Learn More: The True Cost of Ransomware

    Just like with general liability insurance, organizations should understand a policy’s specific coverage details before entering into an agreement with an insurance provider or renewing a contract.


    What’s Required to Get Cyber Insurance?

    In the past, the price of cyber liability insurance was based on the size of the policy, the size of the insured company, and the company’s cyber risk factors. Insurance vendors would typically provide a survey of questions relating to a company’s technology infrastructure and computer systems, and would use those items to determine risk.

    Today, insurers have specific security controls that are a must-have. These sometimes are required directly via documents that lay out the must-have controls. In other cases, the insurer will price the policy prohibitively high if organizations don’t have the required security controls in place.

    For example, they may not directly require MFA, but they may triple the price of the policy if MFA is not in place to protect access to high-risk systems. Year over year, renewals of the same policy tend to have more strict requirements in order to qualify for renewal.

    Some of the most common security controls that insurers ask for include:

    • Multi-factor authentication (MFA). MFA is widely recognized as a relatively low-effort security control that can make a powerful impact. MFA can block up to 99.9% of bot attacks, according to experts from Google and Microsoft. Specifically, insurers often require organizations to enable MFA on email and remote access networks.
    • Endpoint detection and response (EDR). An EDR solution continuously monitors endpoints to detect malicious behavior. It’s often a requirement for cyber insurance because it enables organizations to proactively and reactively hunt for indicators of compromise (IoCs).
    • Next-generation antivirus (NGAV). While traditional antivirus solely relies on signature-based detection, NGAV uses modern techniques to improve network security, such as AI and behavioral-based detection to block cyber threats such as malware.
    • End-user training. Employee training is becoming increasingly important to insurers, especially because phishing is one of the most common ways an attacker infiltrates an environment.
    • Segregated backups. Backups are crucial for data recovery, since it can be an indicator of whether or not a company can recover quickly from the event. However, backups that are separate from where the information is initially stored is even better. Many cyber insurers also require encrypted backups to ensure the integrity of the data remains intact.
    • Security information and event management (SIEM). A SIEM collects and converges data from different parts of an IT environment for the intent of security monitoring. This helps an organization — and an insurance company — determine what happened in the event of an attack. Today’s SIEMs commonly have detection and response capabilities, making the solution even more valuable for proactive protection.

    Policyholders, or organizations considering a cyber policy, should get in front of these changing requirements. By implementing these now, they can avoid expensive, low-quality, last-minute implementations when an insurance renewal is due. Usually renewals come on short notice and delivering a quality implementation of new security controls is not possible in those timelines.

    These controls are not just important for cyber insurance, but they can also help to meet compliance requirements and improve your overall security maturity.

    Why Do You Need Logging Or a SIEM For Cyber Insurance?

    A SIEM provides a very accurate picture of how an attacker entered systems, when they first entered, what systems the attacker touched, and what data they accessed. This is important to the insurer because they want to be able to limit the scope of the response as much as possible to reduce their overall costs.

    In some cases, the legal obligations following a data breach depend on the number of people, customers, or records breached. Without comprehensive logs available, the insurer may need to assume that the entire network is breached, and undergo much more expensive forensics and legal services in response.

    Lack of sufficient logging may also lead to an expensive or complicated public relations issue for the company.


    Why Do You Need Data Retention For Cyber Insurance?

    The numbers vary based on different reports, but it is common for an attacker to linger in a network for weeks or months before conducting damaging attacks against data or systems.

    Like with logging, an insurance company wants to know as much information as possible about an incident. When an organization retains data for at least 90 days — or even better, six months to a year — an insurance provider can determine how long an attacker was in an environment. Data retention also expedites the recovery and restoration process after a breach or ransomware incident, helping with business continuity.

    In addition to being long-term, log retention should also be immutable, meaning that they cannot be changed or deleted. This is important because attackers commonly clear logs to hide their tracks. Organizations should store logs outside of their own environment to prevent attackers from doing this.


    Why Do You Need Threat Detection For Cyber Insurance?

    Insurers want to limit the impact of an attack as much as possible, and one way that this can be limited is by detecting an attacker early, before they have a chance to damage or exfiltrate data.

    Having effective threat detection can greatly limit an insurer’s financial obligations if an attacker can be eliminated from the network within hours of their initial entry. Breaches that took more than 200 days to identify and contain resulted in 35% higher cost for organizations, at $4.8 million on average, according to IBM’s Cost of a Data Breach report.

    Without early detection, organizations can suffer from longer breach lifecycles, resulting in a negative impact to their bottom line and therefore an insurer’s bottom line, making a provider less likely to provide comprehensive coverage.


    How Does Blumira Help Organizations Meet Cyber Insurance Requirements?

    Blumira can help organizations of any industry meet log monitoring, audit trail, data retention, detection and response requirements for cybersecurity insurance policies and other compliance regulations, such as HIPAA , PCI DSS , FFIEC , NIST , CMMC and more.

    Blumira’s cloud SIEM is a good fit for many companies that want to improve their security posture while qualifying for cost-effective cyber liability insurance. Pricing of insurance policies depends on many factors, but it is common for use of a SIEM to have a noticeable impact on policy pricing.

    Not only is using a SIEM the right thing to do, but the cost of a SIEM may be partially or completely offset by lower insurance costs.

    Learn More About How Blumira Helps With Cyber Insurance>

    Learn More About Cyber Insurance

    Chris Furner, Senior Sales Engineer at Blumira, and Wes Spencer, VP, Channel Chief at FifthWall Solutions, explain the evolving requirements of cyber insurance in our on-demand webinar. Get more answers to your cyber insurance questions, including: 

    • How to determine whether cyber insurance makes sense for your organization
    • Security controls you need to be insurable now — and in the next few years 
    • The evolution of cyber insurance over the past decade

    Register now to watch the webinar on demand.